Later in life James Hapgood ran a small metalwork business together with his sons. It is supported by several pieces of documentary evidence:
James' retirement in 1917, when he was aged 54, was relatively early by modern standards. But pictures of James suggest that he aged badly - perhaps an aftereffect of the serious accident he suffered in 1892 (falling two storeys). The retirement may also have been triggered by the absence of his three adult sons on war service - two (Arthur and Harry) in the army and one (Bill) a skilled worker in munitions factories. Their absence may have made it impracticable for James to carry on the business.
Last updated 22 August 2005